Should intake pipes always be near the bottom of lakes?

For polymictic and dimictic lakes, yes. Pipes near the bottom of polymictic lakes work very well due to the water quality being generally the same throughout the water column. This also allows the pipes to stay under water if the water levels drop. For dimictic lakes it’s also better to have the pipe near the … Continued

How do I calculate loading?

Let’s look at an example: Lake A is getting water from River B and we want to know the loading of rubber ducks into Lake A. The first thing you’ll need to find is the river discharge – how much water is flowing from River B into Lake A. Let’s say this is 1,000 L/m, … Continued